"Jauhar an act of mass self-immolation where women jumped to death in a huge fire kund, known as Jauhar Kund. This was much on the lines of Sati, but Jauhar was practiced only by Rajput women."

Welcome to Johar Smriti Sansthan, Chittorgarh

Jauhar Smriti Sansthan, Chittorgarh

Jauhar Smriti Sansthan, Chittorgarh was established in the year 1948-49 during the Kangra Rajput Sabha Delhi Chapter. It was established with the aim to preserve, and to promote the Glory, Pride, Honor, and Dignity of Rajputs.With this aim in mind Jauhar Smriti Sansthan's orgainzers and founders had taken oth to organize Jauhar Mela a.k.a. Sati Mela to glorify the sacrifices made by Rajput Womens of Mewar.

The first Jauhar Mela / Sati Mela, Chittorgarh was organized in the year 1949-50 in which Maharani Sahiba of Mewar, Rajmata Sahiba of Jodhpur,etc. had made thier ospicious presence.After the success of first Jauhar Mela, it was started to celebrate and organize every year till date. With each coming year the glory of Jauhar Mela has been extended throughout the world.

Johar Smriti Sansthan has been continuously working from past 70 years for promoting and preserving the Glory, Pride, Honor, Dignity, Bravery and Sacrifices of Chittorgarh Fort through its various activities like National Poetry Functions, Huge Mass Shobha Yatras, Cultural and Social Activites, Sports Activities and Competetions and Johar Mela a.k.a Sati Mela.

Every years in these competetions, events, programs and social gathering people from Rajput community and Other community from nationwide over lakhs of men, women and childrens gathers takes participation in various events.

First Johar of Chittorgarh

The first jauhar of Chittorgarh occurred during a 1303 CE siege of Chittor fort. This jauhar became a subject of legendary Rajasthani poems, with Rani Padmini the main character, wherein she and other Rajput women commit jauhar to avoid being captured by Alauddin Khilji of Delhi Sultanate. The siege of Chittor, its brave defence by the Guhilas, the saga of Rani Padmini and the Jauhar she led are legendary. This incident has had a defining impact upon the Rajput character and is detailed in a succeeding section.

Second Johar of Chittorgarh

Rana Sanga died in 1528 AD after the Battle of Khanua. Shortly afterwards, Mewar and Chittor came under the regency of his widow, Rani Karnavati. The kingdom was menaced by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, who besieged Chittorgarh. Without relief from other forces and facing defeat, the Rani committed Jauhar with other women on March 8, 1535, while the Rajput army sallied out to meet the besieging Muslim army and committed saka. According to one romantic legend of dubious veracity, Karnavati importuned the assistance of Humayun the son of Babur, her late husband's foe, by sending him a Rakhi and a request for his help as a brother. The help arrived too late. This is the occasion for the second of the three Jauhars performed at Chittor.

Third Johar of Chittorgarh

Emperor Akbar besieged the fort of Chittor in September 1567. Changing the strategy, Rana Udai Singh II, his sons and the royal women, using secret routes, escaped soon after the siege began. The fort was left under Jaimal Rathore and Patta Sisodiya's command. One morning Akbar found Jaimal inspecting repairs to the fort which had been damaged by explosives, and shot him. The bullet hit Jaimal in the leg and wounded him seriously. That same day the Rajputs realized that defeat was certain. The Rajput women committed Jauhar in the night of February 22, 1568 AD, and the next morning, the Rajput men committed saka. (Abul Faz'l has given a true account of the event as seen by Akbar in his biography in 1568 AD.)